The emontx v3 is the latest generation of the open source hardware emontx low power wireless energy monitoring node designed for measuring AC electrical power on 4 different (household/building) circuits using non-invasive clip on CT current sensors and an AC-AC Voltage adaptor to provide a voltage signal for full real power and powerfactor calculation.
- Emontx v3 can measure real power, apparent power, power factor, rms voltage and current on 4 different mains circuits, it also has inputs for temperature and humidity sensing.
- Pre-assembled SMT design
- A single AC-AC adapter can now be used to power the emonTxV3 and provide AC voltage measurement
- 4x CT current sensing inputs
- An on-board 3x AA battery option
- Flexible choice of RF radio module and removable microcontroller
Power Supply Options
Uploading Arduino Firmware
The emonTx V3 with the RFu328 uses the ATmega328 microcontroller (same as Arduino Uno) and comes with the Optiboot (Arduino Uno) serial bootloader installed. This makes it super easy to upload new code to the emonTx V3 from the Arduino IDE.
A USB to UART cable is required to upload new Arduino firmware sketches
Start by downloading the firmware, libraries and setting up the Arduino programming environment by following this guide:
Once complete the emonTx V3 firmware location should be navigable from within the Arduino IDE by going to:
File > Sketchbook > OpenEnergyMonitor > emonTxFirmware > emonTxV3
These are the examples available on GitHub so far for the emonTx V3:
- emonTxV3_RFM12B_DiscreteSampling - MAIN FIRMWARE
- Auto detection of AC-AC adapter sets Apparent Power / Real Power Sampling accordingly - Auto detection of battery / USB 5V or AC > DC power method and sets sleep mode accordingly - Auto detection of CT connections and samples only from the channels needed - Auto detection of remote DS18B20 temperature sensor connection
- Other Examples:
Note: some of these have not been tested extensively, others are incomplete or lacking full functions
The all emonTx V3 firmware is available on GitHub here: Github:emonTxFirmware
CT Energy Monitoring
A DS18B20 digital temperature sensor can easily be connected by the emonTx V3 by connecting the sensor into to the emonTx V3's screw terminal block. The default firmware supports auto-detecting one DS18B20. Many DS18B20's can be connected but this will require change of Arduino firmware.
In order to save power when running off batteries the emonTx V3 supports switching off the DS18B20 in between readings and performing the temperature conversion while the ATmega328 is sleeping. To do this the DS18B20 power pin is supplied with 3.3V from Dig5, this digital pin is switched off between readings. The data connection from the DS18B20 is connected to Dig19, this I/O pin has got a 4K7 pull-up resistor on-board the emonTx V3 PCB as required by the DS18B20.
To connect an external DS18B20 to the emonTx V3 screw terminal block connections are as follows
|Screw terminal pin||DS18B20 Connection|
|3 - GND||GND (Black)|
|5 - Dig5||Power (Red)|
|6 - Dig19||Data (White)|
Utility Meter Interface
Optical Pulse Counting
Many meters have pulse outputs, including electricity meters: single phase, 3-phase, import, export.. Gas meters, Water flow meters etc. The pulse output may be a flashing LED or a switching relay (usually solid state) or both. We recommend using optical interface as this decouples the monitoring equipment from any high voltages.
In the case of an electricity meter a pulse output corresponds to a certain amount of energy passing through the meter (KWhr/Wh). For single-phase domestic electricity meters (eg. Elster A100c) each pulse usually corresponds to 1 Wh (1000 pulses per kwh).
The emonTx V3 has got one interrupt input (IRQ 0, Dig2) which can be used for pulse counting. This is broken out on terminal block port 4
Read more about pulse counting on the OpenEnergyMonitor Buillding Block pagers here
emonTx V3 Hardware Connections
Connect the pulse input into emonTx V3 terminal block port 4 (IRQ 0 / Digital 2) If you're connecting a hard-wired pulse output you may need to add a pull-down resistor onto the emonTx V3 PCB (R31) If you're using an optical counter (e.g TSL257) you should connecting the power pin to the 3.3V or 5V (if running off 5V USB)
|Screw terminal pin||Connection|
|1||5V (if powered via 5V USB)|
|4||IRQ 0 / Dig2|
We recommend powering the emonTx V3 from 5V USB when using for pulse counting operation. Due to the additional power requirements of the optical pulse sensor battery life will be reduced compared to CT operation if powering from 3 x AA batteries.
Direct Optical Interface
if you have an Elster meter (tested with Elster 100C) the emonTx V3 with an IR TSL261R sensor can be used to interface directly with the meter protocol to read off the exact accumulated watt hours that you have generated or used. This reading can be used on it's own or to cross-check and calibrate CT based measurement. See here for original blog post
power consumption, absolute max values
Open-Hardware Design Files
Proudly open source, the hardware designs are released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License:
Download Schematic PNG: emontx-v3.png
Download Schematic: emonTx V3.2.sch
Download Board files: emonTx V3.2.brd